Terminology in alphabetical order (hopefully)

abductive reasoning
"Abductive reasoning involves deciding what the most likely inference is that can be made from a set of observations." - The Epigeum
adaptive hypermedia systems
"Adaptive hypermedia systems build a model of the goals, preferences and knowledge of the individual user and use this throughout the interaction for adaptation of the hypertext to the needs of that user." - (Paul De Bra, Peter Brusilovsky, Geert-Jan Houben - 2000)
adaptive learning environments
"Adaptive Learning Environments are environments personalizing the instructional process on different instructional parameters as: sequence of tasks and task difficulty, time and type of feedback, pace of learning speed, reinforcement plan and others." - http://www.tel-thesaurus.net/wiki/index.php/Adaptive_learning_environment
andragogy
Andragogy is the process of adults helping adults learn and encompasses the relationship between them. - http://adulted.about.com/od/glossary/g/Andragogy.htm
atom of learning
An item of learning that cannot be broken down.  However, the atom may assume an understanding of other learning.  This is level 1 of the atomisation process.
atomisation
The process of turning a body of knowledge, e.g. a curriculum, into normalised atoms.
behaviourism
"... behaviourism deals with studying learner behaviours that can be observed and measured." - Sophie Peter, Ph.D. submission, 2012
cognitivism
"Cognitivism is the study in psychology that focuses on mental processes, including how people perceive, think, remember, learn, solve problems, and direct their attention to one stimulus rather than another." - http://www.chegg.com/homework-help/definitions/cognitivism-13
constructivism
"Within the contructivism approach ... learners interact with the environment and then construct their own knowledge based on that interaction." - Sophie Peter, Ph.D. submission, 2012
content analysis
"Holsti (1969) defines content analysis as, "any technique for making inferences by objectively and systematically identifying specified characteristics of messages"." - The Epigeum
deductive reasoning
"Deductive reasoning involves inferring that if propositions A and B are both true, then this implies that C is also true." - The Epigeum
epistemology
The study of learning - split into positivist and interpretivism.
grounded theory
"In grounded theory approaches data collection precedes consideration of theory. Theory evolves from a systematic analysis of data and is thus 'grounded' in the data." - The Epigeum
heutagogy
"Heutagogy is the study of self-determined learning … It is also an attempt to challenge some ideas about teaching and learning that still prevail in teacher centred learning and the need for, as Bill Ford (1997) eloquently puts it ‘knowledge sharing’ rather than ‘knowledge hoarding’. In this respect heutagogy looks to the future in which knowing how to learn will be a fundamental skill given the pace of innovation and the changing structure of communities and workplaces." - http://ultibase.rmit.edu.au/Articles/dec00/hase2.htm
inductive reasoning
"This involves working from observations towards an inference." - The Epigeum
interpretivism
"This emphasises the subjective nature of events to individual research subjects and aim to view such events through the eyes of the people under study." - The Epigeum
learning dissonance
The geometric mean of the difference between expected and actual scores.  This may refer to pairs of courses or be for a particular student.
learning maturity
"eMM is a quality improvement framework based on the ideas of the Capability Maturity Model (CMM) and Software Process Improvement and Capability dEtermination (SPICE) methodologies. The underlying idea that guides the development of the eMM is that the ability of an institution to be effective in any particular area of work is dependent on their capability to engage in high quality processes that are reproducible and able to be extended and sustained as demand grows." - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E-learning_Maturity_Model
learning styles
The group of theories which examine how learners acquire their knowledge (also termed, learning strategies).
managed learning environments
A specific implementation of a virtual learning environment (VLE), for example, the VLE used in your learning institution.
metacognitive skills
"Students awareness of their own ways of learning, which works for them, hence understand their own learning style/strategy." - Muesser Nat, Ph.D. submission, 2013
normalised atom
An atom (level 1) which is presented in a learning style neutral manner (level 2) and is created in a standard format (level 3).
pearl trees
A method of storing web-based information in a tree structure used on the site www.pearltrees.com.
pedagogy
The study of the methods and activities of teaching in a parent-child relationship. - http://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/british/pedagogy
perceptron
This is a mathematical technique developed by Frank Rosenblatt to predict suitable routes through e-learning materials. - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perceptrons
positivist
"The positivist position asserts that authentic knowledge can only be based on sensory experience and advanced through observation and experimentation." - The Epigeum
proximal zone development
The zone of proximal development "is the distance between the actual development level as determined by independent problem solving and the level of potential development as determined through problem solving under adult guidance or in collaboration with more capable peers." (Vygotsky, 1978) In other words, it is the range of abilities that a person can perform with assistance, but cannot yet perform independently. - http://psychology.about.com/od/zindex/g/zone-proximal.htm
secondary data analysis
"The systematic analysis of existing data (including data from previous research, archival sources and historical documents)." - The Epigeum
shovelware
The practice of transferring lecture notes to a VLE without any adaptation for their new medium. (Khoo, Elaine, Forret, Michael and Cowie, Bronwen. (2010). Lecturer–Student Views on Successful Online Learning Environments. Waikato Journal of Education 15, Issue 3: 2010.)
social constructivism
"Social constructivism is a sociological theory of knowledge that applies the general philosophical constructivism into social settings, wherein groups construct knowledge for one another, collaboratively creating a small culture of shared artifacts with shared meanings. When one is immersed within a culture of this sort, one is learning all the time about how to be a part of that culture on many levels. Its origins are largely attributed to Lev Vygotsky." - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_constructivism
structural models of learning
student management systems
Computerised systems which allow the academic institution to record, monitor and assess student progress/outcomes.
technology enhanced learning (TEL)
"The use of technology (e.g. Blackboard, computers, smart phones, interactive whiteboards etc) as part of the learning experience that enhances accessibility, enables a variety of learning approaches, offers increased flexibility, supports collaboration and communication and encourages the development of skills for a digital age." - http://www.staffs.ac.uk/support_depts/adu/tel/index.jsp
technology enhanced learning tools
Is "... a solution which allows students to attend the class in real time via the Internet, or to access asynchronously digitally stored video material with hyperlinks to online training resources at any time." [Latchman, H.A.; Salzmann, Ch.; Gillet, D.; Bouzekri, H., 1999]
vicarious learning
Learning by watching the experiences of others.
zone of proximal development
Formulated by Lev Vygotsky to explain that learning happens best when tied to previously established learning.