Visual Learning Categories versus the Theora of Education

Source: Visible Learning: A synthesis of over 800 meta-analyses relating to achievement. John Hattie, 2008.  Everyone engaged in teaching should have a copy of this book.

Legend: Zone of desired effects Teacher effects Developmental effects Negative/reverse effects .  He concludes that the Hawthorne Effect has a value of about 0.4.

Theora

Theorem 1
Curiosity is a natural human state.
Theorem 2
All items of learning have value to the learner.
Theorem 3
Capacity to learn within a given time period is finite.
Theorem 4
Capacity to learn is related to previous internalised learning.
Theorem 5
Retention of information is based on its frequency of use, motivation and time.
Theorem 6
Metacognitive skills aid both learning and motivation.
Theorem 7
Learning style preferences are not static and may vary over time and according to mood.
Theorem 8
Frequent and clear feedback from whatever source encourages learning.
Theorem 9
The level of motivation to learn is the sum of positive and negative pressures.

Analysis

Pos Domain Category Value Page No. Theorem 1 Theorem 2 Theorem 3 Theorem 4 Theorem 5 Theorem 6 Theorem 7 Theorem 8 Theorem 9
1 Student Self-report grades 1.44 43-44                
2 Student Piagetian programs 1.28 43                
3 Teaching Providing formative evaluation 0.90 181-183                
5 School Acceleration 0.88 100-101                
4 Teacher Micro teaching 0.88 112                
6 School Classroom behavioral 0.80 102-105                
7 Teaching Comprehensive interventions for learning disabled students 0.77 217-219                
8 Teacher Teacher clarity 0.75 125-126                
9 Teaching Reciprocal teaching 0.74 203-204                
10 Teacher Feedback 0.73 173-178                
11 Teacher Teacher-student relationships 0.72 118                
12 Teaching Spaced vs. mass practice 0.71 185-186, 242                
13 Teaching Meta-cognitive strategies 0.69 188-189                
14 Student Prior achievement 0.67 32, 40, 41-42                
16 Curricula Repeated reading programs 0.67 135                
15 Curricula Vocabulary programs 0.67 131                
17 Curricula Creativity programs 0.65 155                
18 Teaching Self-verbalisation/self-questioning 0.64 192-193                
19 Teacher Professional Development 0.62 119                
21 Teacher Not labeling students 0.61 124-125                
20 Teaching Problem-solving teaching 0.61 210                
22 Curricula Phonics instruction 0.60 132-134                
23 Teaching Teaching strategies 0.60 200-203                
24 Teaching Cooperative vs. individualistic learning 0.59 212-214                
26 Teaching Direct instruction 0.59 204-207                
25 Teaching Study skills 0.59 189-192                
28 Curricula Comprehension programs 0.58 217-219                
29 Teaching Mastery learning 0.58 170-1,224                
27 Curricula Tactile simulation programs 0.58 153-154                
33 Teaching Concept mapping 0.57 168-169                
31 Home Home environment 0.57 61-71                
32 Home Socioeconomic status 0.57 61-63                
30 Teaching Worked examples 0.57 172-173                
34 Teaching Goals 0.56 163                
36 Teaching Peer tutoring 0.55 186-187                
35 Curricula Visual-perception programs 0.55 130-131                
37 Teaching Cooperative vs. competitive learning 0.54 212-214                
38 Student Pre-term birth weight 0.54 51-52                
39 School Classroom cohesion 0.53 103                
42 School Classroom management 0.53 102                
40 Teaching Keller's PIS 0.53 171                
41 School Peer influences 0.53 104-105                
44 Teaching Interactive video methods 0.52 228-229                
43 Curricula Outdoor/adventure programs 0.52 156-157                
45 Home Parental involvement 0.52 68-70                
46 Curricula Play programs 0.51 154-155                
47 Curricula Second/third chance programs 0.50 139-140                
48 School Small group learning 0.49 94-95                
49 Student Concentration/persistence/engagement 0.48 49-53                
51 Student Motivation 0.48 47-9, 175                
50 School School effects 0.48 72-107                
52 Student Early intervention 0.47 58, 68                
53 Teaching Questioning 0.46 182-183                
54 Curricula Mathematics 0.45 144-145                
55 Student Preschool programs 0.45 58-60                
56 Teacher Quality of teaching 0.44 34-35, 92, 115-118                
57 Curricula Writing programs 0.44 141-143                
58 Teacher Expectations 0.43 121-124                
59 School School size 0.43 79-80                
60 Student Self-concept 0.43 46-47                
61 Teaching Behavioral organizers/Adjunct questions 0.41 167-168                
63 Teaching Cooperative learning 0.41 41                
62 Teaching Matching style learning 0.41 195-197                
66 Student Reducing anxiety 0.40 49-50                
64 Curricula Science 0.40 147-149                
65 Curricula Social skills program 0.40 149-151                
68 School Enrichment 0.39 101-102                
67 Curricula Integrated curriculum programs 0.39 130                
69 Curricula Career interventions 0.38 151-152                
70 Teaching Time on task 0.38 184-228                
72 Teaching Adjunct aids 0.37 207-208                
73 Curricula Bilingual programs 0.37 158-159                
71 Teaching Computer assisted instruction 0.37 220-222                
75 Student Attitude to mathematics/science 0.36 50-51                
76 Curricula Exposure to reading 0.36 138-139                
74 School Principals/school leaders 0.36 83-85                
78 Curricula Creativity 0.35 44                
77 Curricula Drama/arts programs 0.35 143-144                
79 Teaching Frequent/effects of testing 0.34 178-179                
80 School Decreasing Disruptive Behavior 0.33 103-104                
81 Student Drugs 0.33 53-54                
82 Teaching Simulations 0.33 230-231                
83 Teaching Inductive teaching 0.32 208                
84 Student Positive view of own ethnicity 0.32 57                
85 Teacher Teacher effects 0.32 16, 22-24, 34-35                
86 Teaching Inquiry based teaching 0.30 208-210                
87 School Ability grouping for gifted Students 0.29 99-100                
88 Teaching Homework 0.29 8-10, 17-20, 68-70, 234-236                
91 School Desegregation 0.28 78-79                
90 Student Exercise/relaxation 0.28 53                
89 Home Home visiting 0.28 70                
92 School Mainstreaming 0.28 95-96                
93 Curricula Use of calculators 0.27 145-147                
97 Teaching Competitive vs. individualistic learning 0.24 214                
95 Teaching Programmed instruction 0.24 231-232                
96 Teaching Special college programs 0.24 219                
94 Curricula Values/moral education programs 0.24 149                
99 School Finances 0.23 73-75                
100 Teaching Individualized instruction 0.23 198, 241                
102 Student Lack of Illness 0.23 52                
101 School Religious Schools 0.23 76-77                
98 School Summer school 0.23 77                
105 Teaching Comprehensive teaching reforms 0.22 215                
103 Teaching Teaching test taking 0.22 179-181                
104 Teaching Visual/audio-visual methods 0.22 22-26                
107 School Charter Schools 0.21 75-76                
106 School Class size 0.21 85-88                
108 Teaching Aptitude/treatment interactions 0.19 194-195                
111 Teaching Co-/team teaching 0.19 219                
110 Teaching Learning hierarchies 0.19 169                
109 Student Personality 0.19 45-46                
112 Teaching Web-based learning 0.18 227-228                
114 Curricula Extra-curricular programs 0.17 159                
113 Home Family structure 0.17 64-66                
117 Teaching Home-school programs 0.16 233-234                
115 Teaching Teacher immediacy 0.16 183-184                
116 School Within class grouping 0.16 93-94                
120 Teaching Mentoring 0.15 187-188                
118 Teaching Problem-based learning 0.15 210-212                
119 Curricula Sentence combining programs 0.15 134                
121 School Ability grouping 0.12 89-91                
123 Student Diet 0.12 52-53                
122 Student Gender 0.12 55-57, 96, 222                
124 Teacher Teacher training 0.11 109-112                
126 Teaching Distance Education 0.09 232-233                
127 School Out of school curricula experiences 0.09 82                
125 Teacher Teacher subject matter knowledge 0.09 113                
128 Curricula Perceptual-motor programs 0.08 153                
129 Curricula Whole Language 0.06 137                
130 School College halls of residence 0.05 79                
131 School Multi-grade/age classes 0.04 91-93                
132 Teaching Student control over learning 0.04 48, 193-194, 225                
133 School Open vs. traditional 0.01 88-89                
134 School Summer vacation -0.09 80-81                
135 Home Welfare policies -0.12 63-64                
136 School Retention -0.16 97-99                
137 Home Television -0.18 67-68                
138 School Mobility -0.34 81-82